Land Clearing, Grading and Site Preparation, Many Methods are used, what is Best for You?
As a construction company, or a land owner, have you ever thought about clearing a new piece of property on your own? Did you ever happen to think about the other details; does that land clearing have to adhere to rules and regulations? Are there any special regulations regarding water runoff, storm water collection and distribution, or certain trees and waterways that are protected by law in that local area? Where should you start? What is the equipment you need for this job? Are there existing underground utilities that may be damaged? Are there any abandoned underground or above ground structures that will need special removal? All these questions and more will be answered in advance, by a competent site preparation firm.
If you have recently purchased raw land with intention of constructing on it, chances are that it needs to be cleared of rocks, trees, bushes and any existing structures above and beneath the ground as well as hidden junk that may have accumulated over the years. You might have all the above questions in your mind. The thing is: land clearing is a complex task involving heavy equipment, knowledge of laws and permits, experience with the unexpected and adequate planning. The raw land has to be graded following a comprehensive surveying process may need additional services by a competent landscaping company. Today, the methods of land clearing have undergone tremendous change. While in the past, Site Preparation Services Companies simply resorted to techniques like burning and bulldozing; today, residential and commercial property owners expect various methods available at their disposal.
Many of these modern techniques of land clearing are environmentally friendly and offer safer alternatives to traditional means. The list of land clearing equipment can range from simple hand held tools to large bulldozers. The larger the trees are that need to be cleared, more powerful and commercial tools will be required. If you ask experts as to which land clearing method is the best; chances are that you will get varied answers. The method chosen depends greatly on what is done with the cleared trees and bushes. One thing is sure, Land Clearing and Site Preparation is not a job for amateurs.
For most residential and commercial property owners, choosing Site Preparation Services depends on cost and time. From this viewpoint, especially for large properties, bulldozer method is the cheapest. However, simply pushing the bushes and trees does not kill them; moreover it leaves the soil uneven. Large bulldozers are not easy to maneuver. They often knock off the bark of hardwoods and oaks leaving them susceptible to oak wilt, possibly destroying the trees you are trying to save for the finished look of the property. Hence smaller machines are sometimes required to be used like skid-steer tractors (BobCat) with hydraulic shears. These machines are driven into trees like cedar, cut-off at the ground, picked with shears and carried off for burning. This method ensures less damage to surrounding hardwoods.
Chain Saw Method
Chain saw method for tree removal is an alternative to bulldozing although it is slower and also a bit expensive due to the fact that you need to hire additional personnel. The chain saw is definitely not for the large site – it requires training. This method is often considered a better alternative to bulldozing as it leads to less land disruption and erosion. The tree stumps are basically left as they are and this provides leverage to bulldozers to pop the stump off the ground. You can also be selective and choose to cut one tree but leave the next and also opt for a barrier between your property and your neighboring properties. Large trees like cedar, once removed, can be burned, chipped into mulch or hauled off.
Your building site also has to be graded and freed from rocks and low growing plants during the site preparation process to make way for lawns, Driveways, parking lots, storm drains and buildings. For this purpose you need large backhoes and skid loader equipment. You can choose to filter large rocks during this process and use them later for landscaping purposes. The dirt can also be reused later for finishing the grading, once the construction is over. Landscaping services providers can guide you regarding this aspect.
Silt fencing is a temporary barrier of geotextile fabric, which is placed in land clearing projects and construction sites to prevent sheet erosion during the site preparation process. The disadvantage of this is that it requires maintenance and also is susceptible to UV deterioration. Forest and wildlife laws may require you to place the silt fence to prevent mud and construction waste from going into neighboring property.
Before You Proceed
Before you proceed with your land clearing project, it is of importance to see if you have valuable timber on the grounds. In case you do, you can get timber buyers to do the clearing for you. C&C Site Development can help you in this regard; contact us for more information and any questions on Site Development Services in general.
Apart from these considerations, land owners need to check with their local, provincial and state officials as there may be several rules regarding timber permits, silt framework, mulching, burying organic materials etc. Some regulations allow you to destroy the trees by fire while others might require you to pulverize the foliage and undergrowth into manure. For example, St John’s Florida has following regulation regarding tree removal:
“Tree removal on lots less than one acre with an existing home or structure does not require a tree removal permit, as long as the tree does not lie within a conservation area or buffer. However, the lot where the tree is to be removed must maintain a minimum of 80 cumulative tree inches per acre.”
Remember if you have a project coming up, now is the time to call C&C Site Development for help and advice. We can take your project from raw acreage to finished site as effortlessly as making that call to C&C, call us now, we can help:
C&C Site Development is ready to assist you today.
- We offer experience and leadership through consulting services for all phases of construction enhancing efficiency and ultimately profitability.
- Our responsible bidding practices along with our efficient and professional administrative services are proven to get projects launched and completed successfully with continued support.
- Our systems and philosophies are on the leading edge of the industry standards and the goals we set using proven tactics enhance projects and their profitability.
Contact C&C Site Development today to schedule a consultation.